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Types of diabetes and their symptoms

Types of diabetes and their symptoms

Almost one-third of people with diabetes are unaware of their condition. The signs seem to be harmless as if they are just the product of becoming older. This article delves into the different types of diabetes and their symptoms associated with each to help you better understand diabetes.

We’ll go into the three major forms of diabetes in this article, i.e.,  Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational diabetes.

Type 1

Insulin-dependent and immune-mediated diabetes are two terms used to describe this form of diabetes. When the body is unable to produce insulin, this condition develops. The immune system of the body attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas.

This type of diabetes, formerly known as juvenile diabetes, is most often found in children and young adults. Serious complications of type 1 diabetes include nerve damage, heart disease, kidney damage, and blindness.

Some of the symptoms include:

  • Increased hunger
  • Thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss despite increased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Exhaustion
  • Irregular menstruation

Type 2

The most prevalent form of diabetes that goes undiagnosed is type 2. Symptoms of this type of diabetes are:

  • Skin infections
  • Kidney problems
  • Poor healing
  • Vision problems

Even after years of mild symptoms, it is a common thing that neither diabetes nor complications can be diagnosed.

The main issue is that most people do not seek medical help because they do not have any serious symptoms. They dismiss the signs as merely part of growing older. As a result, it becomes important to get tested for diabetes on a regular basis in the most popular age demographic (those over 40 years). A doctor can treat other diseases without understanding he or she needs to be tested for diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that gets diagnosed during a woman’s pregnancy. Expecting mothers who never had diabetes before but have high blood pressure during pregnancy may have this form of diabetes. During pregnancy, it affects 4% of all women.

Among the signs and symptoms are:

  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss despite an increase in appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Occurring infections like those in the vagina, bladder of the bowel, vaginal, and skin
  • Blurred vision

During pregnancy, gestational diabetes might go undetected. It normally begins with minor signs that can be thought of as other issues. It’s important to get tested during pregnancy because high blood sugars caused by gestational diabetes may affect the baby and cause other complications.

Having a diabetic test, even if you aren’t pregnant, should be a top priority. Many women have gestational diabetes and believe that their signs are normal during pregnancy. You may not have gestational diabetes but having a test is always a smart thing.

It’s advisable to see your doctor if you’re experiencing any of the symptoms of diabetes. Even if you believe it is insignificant, it’s preferable to be safe rather than sorry.

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